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Tuesday, February 2, 2010

MAWBEY / MAWBY CONVICTS

When I started this MAWBEY FAMILY AUSTRALIA blog a couple of weeks ago, I did not know there were any convicts transported from England bearing the name MAWBEY. I have since found TWO with that spelling and one spelt MAWBY.
One Mawbey, Joseph (aka John) landed in Tasmania and the other, William, in New South Wales.
The Mawby landed in Tasmania and became the forbear of the Tasmanian Mawbeys.
*
1. Joseph (aka John) MAWBEY, a boy transported to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) from Britain for 14 years, when not known, and then in 1835, transported for a further 7 years to an unknown secondary penal colony for local misdemeanors (stealing shoes) committed in the colony; [see MawbeyFamilyAustralia-Tasmania blog]
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2. William MAWBEY, a man aged around 30, transported for 7 years to New South Wales, arriving 1840; [see Mawbey Family Australia-Victoria blog]
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3. John MAWBY, a teenager aged 18, transported to Van Diemen's Land for 10 years for burglaries in Northampton including theft of a copper tea kettle. [see Mawbey Family Australia-Tasmania blog]
 *
I later discovered that there were others with what could have been variant spellings of the Mawbey surname:
1. Joseph Moorbee, transported to New South Wales
2. Ann Morby, transported to Tasmania.
*
He could have been sent to one of two secondary punishment colonies - Norfolk Island or Moreton Bay.
Alternatively he may have gone to Point Puer, a special settlement set up near Port Arthur in Van Diemen's Land to rehabilitate young male convicts.

WILLIAM MAWBEY
Convicted of stealing a cloak at Surrey Quarter Sessions; sentenced for a term of seven years, the standard sentence for transportation; left England 10 October 1839; arrived in New South Wales 1840; one of 230 male convicts on board the ship Woodbridge.
He was born c.1808 in Surrey, England; occupation butcher; married, Protestant, 5 ft 6 1/4 inches tall.
No former convictions.
[Source: State Library of Queensland, Convict Transportation Registeries Database]
He was granted a Certificate of Freedom.
[Source: NSW State Records Index to Certificates of Freedom]

JOHN MAWBY
Arrested for theft of a copper tea kettle and previous burglary and housebreaking offences in the Northumberland area with accomplices William York, John Tunnel and John Whitsey.
Tried at Lancaster Salford Assize 21 October 1841 and sentenced to transportation for 10 years.
He spent time on a hulk with accomplices York and Tunnel.
Embarked from Spithead 17 March 1842 on the Candahar and arrived in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) on 21 July 1842. [AOT says embarked 2 April 1842; QSR says 26 March 1842]
His religion was Protestant and he could read and write.


JOHN MAWBY
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
SEE HANDWRITTEN ORIGINAL IN LOGBOOK (p.226)
@ LINKS - Tas Archives-MAWBY

Trade - Brickmaker
Height (without shoes) - 5ft 11 inches; Age - 18;
Complexion - fresh; Head - oval;
Hair - black; Whiskers - none;
Visage - round; Forehead - low narrow;
Eyebrows - black; Eyes - ditto;
Nose - small; Mouth - ditto;
Chin, broad; Native place,
Northampton.
Remarks (tatoos) - freckled sailor with flag bottle and glass J + MJ + H on ... arm; woman holding flower E x MM+B on left arm.

[Source: Archives Office of Tasmania]

He was granted a Ticket of Leave on 3 August 1847.
He was granted a Certificate of Freedom on 21 October 1851.
On 29 November 1852 he sailed from Launceston to Melbourne steerage class on the Yarra Yarra. [Source: Tasmanian Archives Office - Departures.]

He then appears to have returned to Tasmania and reoffended ...

The Colonial Times, Hobart, Tuesday, 7 October 1856
Monday 6 October, Thomas Dobson and JOHN MAWBY were placed on trial for the burglary at the house of Morton Allport, on the night of 25th August.
They pleaded not guilty.
Mr Brewer appeared for the prisoner, MAWBY.
Witness Mrs Allport deposed she saw MAWBY whilst sitting at a window seeking employment as a sweep with her servant.
She also saw him 'surveying with apparent interest' the area of the house where the break-in occurred. On 27 August, MAWBY pawned an overcoat at a pawnbroker in Argyle-street in the name of Smith. Next day he went back and pawned a hat in the name of MAWBY.
[Source: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2505561]

An alibi for John MAWBY was provided by Samuel Barker, of New Town, a brickmaker, who had known the defendant for nine years.
He claimed MAWBY had been at home at the time of the alleged burglary.
John MAWBY was tried at Hobart Town on 28 October 1856.
The jury found him guilty.
It appears that he was sentenced to a further 10 years of penal servitude at PORT ARTHUR gaol, but this needs to be checked.